NEW YORK — Tom Jones, the lyricist, director and writer of “The Fantasticks,” the longest-running musical in history, has died. He was 95.
Lore Noto, the original producer of the off-Broadway musical "The Fantasticks," is flanked by the play's authors Tom Jones, left, and Harvey Schmidt on Jan. 13, 2002, at the tiny Sullivan Street Playhouse in New York's Greenwich Village.
Jones died Friday at his home in Sharon, Connecticut, according to Dan Shaheen, a co-producer of “The Fantasticks,” who worked with Jones since the 1980s. The cause was cancer.
Jones, who teamed up with composer Harvey Schmidt on “The Fantasticks” and the Broadway shows “110 in the Shade” and “I Do! I Do!,” was inducted into the American Theatre Hall of Fame in 1998.
“The Fantasticks,” based on an obscure play by Edmond Rostand, doesn't necessarily have the makings of a hit. The set is just a platform with poles, a curtain and a wooden box.
The tale, a mock version of "Romeo and Juliet," concerns a young girl and boy, secretly brought together by their fathers, and an assortment of odd characters.
Scores of actors have appeared in the show, from the opening cast in 1960 that included Jerry Orbach and Rita Gardner, to stars such as Ricardo Montalban and Kristin Chenoweth, to “Frozen” star Santino Fontana. The show was awarded Tony Honors for Excellence in Theatre in 1991.
"So many people have come, and this thing stays the same — the platform, the wooden box, the cardboard moon," Jones told The Associated Press in 2013. "We just come and do our little thing and then we pass on."
For nearly 42 years the show chugged along at the 153-seat Sullivan Street Playhouse in Greenwich Village, finally closing in 2002 after 17,162 performances — a victim both of a destroyed downtown after 9/11 and a new post-terrorism, edgy mood.
In 2006, "The Fantasticks" found a new home in The Snapple Theater Center — later The Theater Center — an off-Broadway complex in the heart of Times Square. In 2013, the show celebrated reaching 20,000 performances. It closed in 2017, ending as the longest-running production of any kind in the history of American theater with a total of an astonishing 21,552 performances.
"My mind doesn't grasp it, in a way," Jones said. "It's like life itself — you get used to it and you don't notice how extraordinary it is. I'm grateful for it and I'm astonished by it."
Its best known song, "Try To Remember," has been recorded by hundreds of artists over the decades, including Ed Ames, Harry Belafonte, Barbra Streisand and Placido Domingo. "Soon It's Gonna Rain" and "They Were You" are also among the musical's most recognized songs.
The lyrics for “Try to Remember”: “Try to remember the kind of September/When life was slow and oh, so mellow./Try to remember the kind of September/When grass was green and grain was yellow.”
Its longevity came despite early reviews that were not too kind. The New York Herald Tribune critic only liked Act 2, and The New York Times’ critic sniffed that the show was "the sort of thing that loses magic the longer it endures."
In 1963, Jones and Schmidt wrote the Broadway show “110 in the Shade,” which earned the duo a Tony Award nomination for best composer and lyricist. “I Do! I Do!," their two-character Broadway musical, followed in 1967, also earning them a Tony nomination for best composer and lyricist.
Jones is survived by two sons, Michael and Sam.
“Such a good guy. I truly adored him,” wrote Broadway veteran Danny Burstein on Facebook.
Misheard lyrics from iconic rock songs
Misheard lyrics from iconic rock songs
How many of us have had a moment like this—a song comes on over the radio, maybe at a party, maybe at an event. It's a well-known song, and people start to chime in as the music blasts. You feel that energy and start to sing along, yelling out the words you were convinced you knew. Until that fateful moment when everyone sings a lyric out, and you realize you've been singing the song wrong your entire life.
There is a name for this
phenomenon of mishearing: mondegreen. Mondegreen occurs when someone mishears a phrase, but, to the listener, it sounds correct and makes complete sense. The term was coined in 1954 when Sylvia Wright, a writer, detailed a time in her childhood when she thought a line in a traditional Scottish ballad read "they hae slain the Earl Amurray, And Lady Mondegreen'' but later found out that the correct verse was "They hae slain the Earl Amurray, And laid him on the green."
Mondegreen is incredibly common. People mishear lyrics in even the most famous rock songs. As a result, a listener's interpretation of the song can change. The song becomes sillier, more shocking, or just plain confusing.
Stacker compiled a list of misheard lyrics from 25 iconic rock songs, pulling information from the news, music journalism, and independent polls. The misheard lyrics are listed alongside the correct lyrics, so if you realize that you've been singing a mondegreen while belting out any of these rock hits, you might learn that there's a different (accurate) lyric that fits the song much more coherently.
'Tiny Dancer' by Elton John
- Misheard: "Hold me closer, Tony Danza"
- Correct: "Hold me closer, tiny dancer"
Elton John's hit song may be titled "Tiny Dancer," but that hasn't stopped people from mistaking the titular lyric for an ode to the star of the 1980s sitcom "Who's the Boss?" This misheard lyric was such a popular trope that it managed to forge its place in pop culture history when it landed as a joke on the show "Friends."
'Simply the Best' by Tina Turner
- Misheard: "I stomp on your heart"
- Correct: "I'm stuck on your heart"
If Tina Turner sang "I stomp on your heart" with her characteristic gruff rock wail, listeners wouldn't bat an eye. However, the real lyrics in "Simply the Best" are far less bitter about love.
'Livin' on a Prayer' by Bon Jovi
- Misheard: "It doesn't make a difference if we're naked or not"
- Correct: "It doesn't make a difference if we make it or not"
At the height of his career, Bon Jovi was the ultimate rock heartthrob of the 1980s, which makes it all the more understandable for fans to mistake the lyrics to the hit song "Livin' on a Prayer" "make it or not" for "naked or not."
'Africa' by Toto
- Misheard: "There's nothing that a hundred men on Mars could ever do"
- Correct: "There's nothing that a hundred men or more could ever do"
The connotation of the correct lyrics and the misheard lyrics are similar enough—the subject cannot be stopped, even by a great force. But the great force of a hundred men, as described in Toto's song, is not coming from Mars.
'Purple Haze' by Jimi Hendrix
- Misheard: "'Scuse me, while I kiss this guy"
- Correct: "'Scuse me, while I kiss the sky"
Jimi Hendrix says "kiss the sky" in this song, but this often misheard lyric is a classic example of mondegreen. Said out loud, with the words blended and overlapping, it's easy to understand how the line could be mistaken for "kiss this guy."
'Seven Seas of Rhye' by Queen
- Misheard: "I challenge the mighty titan and his stupid horse"
- Correct: "I challenge the mighty titan and his troubadours"
In Queen's recording of this operatic rock song, Freddie Mercury sings the word "troubadours" very quickly. The speed of his singing allows listeners' ears to wander and interpret, and it becomes a not-so-far-fetched idea that the mighty titan might indeed have a stupid horse.
'The Zephyr Song' by The Red Hot Chili Peppers
- Misheard: "Fly away on my sofa"
- Correct: "Fly away on my zephyr"
Another example where the title provides listeners with a context clue, and if you know the lyrics ahead of time you'll hear Red Hot Chili Peppers lead singer Anthony Kiedis emphasize the "Z" of "zephyr." But for a band known for some whimsical lyrics, flying away on a sofa is not so wild of a lyrical guess.
'Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds' by The Beatles
- Misheard: "Blue seal in the sky with diamonds"
- Correct: "Lucy in the sky with diamonds"
Both the correct version and the misheard "blue seal in the sky with diamonds" version conjure trippy, imaginative visuals. However, only the correct lyrics sneakily use the letters LSD, a cleverly hidden Easter egg sprinkled throughout the song, as the Beatles intended.
'I'm a Believer' by The Monkees
- Misheard: "Then I saw her face, now I'm gonna leave her"
- Correct: "Then I saw her face, now I'm a believer"
It would be uncharacteristically cruel for a bubblegum rock band like The Monkees to sing a song about leaving a girl after seeing her face, but the commonly misheard version of this lyric does exactly that. Fortunately, the correct lyrics are much more joyful.
'Smells Like Teen Spirit' by Nirvana
- Misheard: "Here we are now, in containers"
- Correct: "Here we are now, entertain us"
Nirvana lead singer Kurt Cobain was known for his grungy, growly, often slurred vocals—even parodist Al Yankovic poked fun of how incoherent the iconic '90s band's lyrics can be in his song
"Smells Like Nirvana." But through his growl, Cobain is indeed singing "entertain us" and not "in containers."
'Rock and Roll All Nite' by KISS
- Misheard: "I want to rock and roll all night, and part of every day"
- Correct: "I want to rock and roll all night, and party every day"
There is an important distinction between the misheard lyrics and the correct lyrics in this famous glam rock anthem. KISS doesn't want to rock and roll just a mere part of every day—they want to
party every day.
'Enter Sandman' by Metallica
- Misheard: "Dreams of war, dreams of lies, dreams of dragon's fire and of baked apple pie"
- Correct: "Dreams of war, dreams of lies, dreams of dragon's fire and of things that will bite"
In Metallica's metal hit, it would be uncharacteristic if the headbanging group was singing about apple pie. Instead, vocalist James Hetfield says, "things that will bite," which feels much more appropriate for this song and band.
'The Final Countdown' by Europe
- Misheard: "We're working for peanuts"
- Correct: "We're heading for Venus"
Europe's operatic '80s glam metal anthem is over five minutes long, meaning there are plenty of lyrics for listeners to misinterpret. The most commonly misheard lyrics come at the top of the second verse, but the correct lyrics, "we're heading for Venus" make the most sense in the context of a song about space travel.
'Bad Moon Rising' by Creedence Clearwater Revival
- Misheard: "There's a bathroom on the right"
- Correct: "There's a bad moon on the rise"
Creedence Clearwater Revival is not directing listeners to the restroom, despite how it may sound. The correct lyrics reference the song's title.
'Edge of Seventeen' by Stevie Nicks
- Misheard: "Just like the one-winged dove"
- Correct: "Just like the white-winged dove"
Stevie Nicks' song
spawned from her own mishearing: While working on a song for Tom Petty, Petty's wife Jane had told Nicks that she met him at the "age of seventeen," Nicks heard "edge," and the rest is history. In this particular line in the song, some have heard Nicks' wailing, powerful vocals singing "one-winged" instead of "white-winged."
'I Want to Hold Your Hand' by The Beatles
- Misheard: "I get high"
- Correct: "I can't hide"
Although the line repeats three consecutive times, many still hear the Beatles singing "I get high" instead of "I can't hide." "I get high" might be more likely to appear in a later Beatles song like the aforementioned "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds."
'We Built This City' by Starship
- Misheard: "We built this city on sausage rolls"
- Correct: "We built this city on rock and roll"
In Starship's pop rock anthem, they are building a city on rock and roll—not on sausage rolls, as some have mistakenly heard. However, a
2018 parody version of the song by YouTuber LadBaby does describe building a city on sausage rolls.
'Blinded by the Light' by Manfred Mann
- Misheard: "Wrapped up like a douche"
- Correct: "Revved up like a deuce"
Manfred Mann's cover of Bruce Springsteen's song does change the lyrics from the original "cut loose like a deuce," but not quite so drastically. The revved-up "deuce," not the "douche," references a Deuce Coupe, which is a type of car.
'Hotel California' by The Eagles
- Misheard: "What a nice surprise when your rabbi dies"
- Correct: "What a nice surprise bring your alibis"
This is a misheard lyric that would be tough to wrap your head around if "what a nice surprise when your rabbi dies" is what you heard when playing this song back. Those closely listening will hear that the Eagles are saying "your alibis" and not "your rabbi dies." So it's more about accountability and less about the tragic death of your religious leader.
'Smooth Criminal' by Michael Jackson
- Misheard: "Annie are you walking?"
- Correct: "Annie are you okay?"
Michael Jackson's vocals are tight, fast, and sharp on this track, which heightens the risk of potential mondegreen. Some may hear Jackson ask Annie if she's walking, but he is, in fact, asking if she's okay.
'Summer of '69' by Bryan Adams
- Misheard: "I got my first real sex dream"
- Correct: "I got my first real six-string"
In the context of a song that is essentially about coming of age, it might make sense for a listener to hear Bryan Adams say that he had a "sex dream." He actually says, "six-string," which refers to a guitar.
'Say You Love Me' by Fleetwood Mac
- Misheard: "I'm begging you for a little sip of tea"
- Correct: "I'm begging you for a little sympathy"
Half of the members of Fleetwood Mac are British, which is perhaps why some listeners have accidentally heard them imploring for some tea in this often confused lyric. Christine McVie wrote this song about a year before she separated from her bandmate and husband, John.
'American Pie' by Don McLean
- Misheard: "Them good old boys were drinking whiskey and wine"
- Correct: "Them good old boys were drinking whiskey and rye"
Whiskey and rye is a much safer, and classic, alcoholic combination than whiskey and wine, which are not the true lyrics to Don McLean's Americana rock hit.
'Message in a Bottle' by The Police
- Misheard: "A year has passed since I broke my nose"
- Correct: "A year has passed since I wrote my note"
Both are dramatic events: breaking a nose and writing a love note. However, The Police explore the subject matter of the latter.
'Don't Bring Me Down' by Electric Light Orchestra
- Misheard: "Don't bring me down, Bruce"
- Correct: "Don't bring me down, groose"
It's difficult to know what the actual lyrics are when the actual lyrics are made-up words.
"Groose" was originally a placeholder word in the song, until ELO singer and songwriter Jeff Lynne decided to keep it. He learned that the word sounded like the German word for "greetings" and felt it was a good enough reason to leave it.
Story editing by Olivia Monahan. Copy editing by Kristen Wegrzyn. Photo selection by Clarese Moller.